The leader of the Anglican Church of Canada asked the archbishop of Athabasca for an explanation after its synod passed motions supporting churches that have left the Anglican Church of Canada and criticizing bishops who have gone to court over property issues.
The synod, meeting in High Prairie, Alta. April 24-27, voted to “inform the parishes and the bishops who have joined the Anglican Network in Canada and the Province of the Southern Cone that we are in full communion with them.”
Fifteen churches, including 10 former Anglican Church of Canada parishes, have joined the network, which is opposed to the blessing of same-sex unions, among other issues. Since they have left the Canadian church, they have allied themselves with the Southern Cone, an Anglican province that includes southern South America. None of the 33 congregations in Athabasca, which encompasses the northern half of Alberta, are members of the network and none have voted to leave the Canadian church.
Synod also expressed “dismay” that bishops “have resorted to secular courts when parishes … have found it necessary to align themselves with the (network) and the … Southern Cone.” In a background information note, the mover and seconder said “the issue is power (of the bishops), not the will of God.” It added that the churches have “stayed within the Anglican Communion” and said the issues “should be settled with prayerful negotiation.”
Archbishop John Clarke, the diocesan bishop, did not return calls seeking comment. He issued a letter confirming his diocese’s commitment to the Canadian church and the Anglican Communion. Archdeacon Paul Feheley, principal secretary to the primate (national archbishop), Fred Hiltz, said in an interview that Archbishop Hiltz “sought clarification” of the synod’s intentions. (Archbishop Hiltz was out of the country and did not speak directly with Archbishop Clarke.)
In his letter, Archbishop Clarke wrote, “We are concerned that the term ‘in communion’ is being increasingly interpreted in a legalist sense. Our understanding of ‘in communion’ is more relational.”
During debate, the synod also reportedly heard criticism of the parishes that voted to leave the Canadian church.
Layman Ross Whitelaw, of St. Thomas church, Fort McMurray, Alta., who was the mover of both motions, said the diocese “feels we are in communion with those churches that have opted to join the Southern Cone.” Mr. Whitelaw is the diocese’s representative on the national Council of General Synod, the church’s governing body between meetings of General Synod.
Mr. Whitelaw added that the two retired Canadian bishops, Donald Harvey and Malcolm Harding, who resigned from the Canadian church to lead the network churches and join the Southern Cone, are “well respected” in Athabasca.
Many in the diocese are opposed to same-sex blessings, he said, and “several people feel we should move out of the Anglican Church of Canada.” His church in Fort McMurray, he said, has lost parishioners because the Canadian church has become more liberal on the issue. “They have moved to other churches in town,” he said. The parish’s vestry (annual meeting) earlier this year discussed separation, but there was no motion and no vote, he said.
Although synod passed the motions, there was no sense the diocese wanted to separate. “That was definitely the feeling that came out of synod, that we are in it for the long term, that we need to stay in this struggle for the time being,” he said.
Mr. Whitelaw added that Archbishop Clarke has had many meetings with the diocese’s churches and stressed “the importance of staying together through this struggle.”
The synod also resolved that “the current doctrines of the Anglican church regarding the blessing of same-sex unions … be maintained” and in the diocese unless “they are adjusted by the full and proper process” of the Canadian church.
The resolution mentions the St. Michael Report, which concluded that the issue is a matter of doctrine but not core doctrine, and the marriage canon (church law) which currently describes marriage as being between a man and a woman.